(Image from Kwanzaa For Life 2003-NBCAL.)
EXPLANATION OF THE GLOSSING SYSTEM
(to understand how I describe the signs in this dictionary).
Nguzo saba (Seven principles [of Kwanzaa])
- 1. Umoja (Unity)
- (2h)[F], interlink FTs and move in horizontal circle.
- 2. Kujichagulia (Self-determination)
- FUTURE WHAT? THINK~SELF.
- 3. Ujima (Collective work and responsibility)
- WORK TOGETHER HELP-me HELP-you.
- 4. Ujumaa (Cooperative economics)
- E-MONEY + (2h)[F], interlink FTs and move in horizontal circle.
- 5. Nia (Purpose)
- THINK~MEAN, where the [V] that will be used for MEAN is brought up to the temple for "THINK" and perseverated for MEAN in the sense of "what does that mean?"
- 6. Kuumba (Creativity)
- (2h), FOs up, alt. brush up respective temples.
- 7. Imani (Faith)
- (1) THINK~TRUST. TRUST = (2h), DH above NDH, POs > signer, close to (2h)[S] as if grasping a rope that is attached to the stomach. (2) THINK~(2h)F-TRUST. For an animated gif of this sign, see Animated dictionary of religious signs - Deaf Missions: Faith.
- Bendara (National flag)
- AFRICA NATION FLAG. There is a long standing debate on a sign for "Africa". Since Africa comprises many countries, there is no indigenous sign. For more discussion of this issue, see Introduction to use of indigenous signs. (1) Thumb of [A] circles face, but should not land on the nose. (2) [5^], PO away, outlines the shape of the continent by moving towards the right and then down while closing to [O^]. For a QuickTime movie of this sign, see ASL browser - Africa.
- Kikomba cha umuja (Unity cup)
- COOPERATE CUP.
This symbolizes "ancestors, living and dead" - FAMILY, (2h)LONG-AGO UP-TO-NOW.
- Kinara (candle holder)
- CANDLE HOLD, that is, NDH  touches wrist of DH , PO > NDS, FO up, while FTs of DH flutter.
This symbolizes "stalk" - PLANT (2h)F-CL'stalk'.For a QuickTime movie of this sign, see ASL browser - stalk.
- Mazao (Crops)
- FOOD COLLECT"each".
This symbolizes "harvest"
- Mishumaa saba (Seven candles)
- CANDLE SEVEN.
This symbolizes "the Seven principles" - See above.
- Mkeka (mat)
This symbolizes "foundation" - NDH [S] is held out with arm parallel to the chest and DH [S], PO > signer, strikes hand from below and then strikes elbow from below.
- Vibunzi (Ears of corn)
- (2h)[5:^) twist corn. For a QuickTime movie of this sign, see ASL browser - corn.
This symbolizes "children".
- Zawadi (Gifts)
- KWANZAA GIVE-GIFT, that is (2h), FO up, DH behind NDH. The two hands separate while moving down and then rising up in an arc and opening to (2h) + (2h)[X], POs ><, FOs away, nod forward once at wrists as if bestowing a gift.