Deaf cultures and Sign Languages of the world: World wide resources

German flag Greek flag Hon Kong flag South Korean flagDavid Bar-TzurJamaican flagsNorwegian flag South African flag US flag Created 10 April 2000, links updated monthly with the help of LinkAlarm.

Flags: World flag database.

Note: A flag next to a link shows what language the website is in. If it is followed by this icon: (video camera: This links to a video), it is a video in that spoken language. If it is followed by this icon: Sign Language icon, it is in the sign language of that country. If a globe is followed by this hands icon, there is an animated text in International Gesture.

Blogs and vlogs Deaf advocacy and politics Deaf and social services Deafblind Deaf cultures of the world
Deaf education & youth Deaf events Deaf health Deaf history and current events Deaf performing arts
Deaf sports & recreation General interpreting issues Interpreter organizations Organizations Religion & Deafness
Sign Language dictionaries of the world Sign Languages of the World

Blogs and vlogs Videos.

Deaf advocacy and politics

Berdichevsky, C. & Shettle, A. (2001). Empowering Deaf communities in developing nations.

DREN - Deaf Rights Equal Now, an MSN group hoping to make an impact on the everyday lives for Deaf individuals living around the world. Deaf, deafened, hard of hearing, or any type of hearing loss. Topics on ASL, LSQ, BSL, Auslan and any type of sign language in use are accepted. Topics followed are Discrimination, Audism, Advocacy, Human Rights Cases, Rights and Action-based solutions.

EUDeaf 2003.national flags,national flags,national flags,national flags,national flags,national flags,national flags,national flags,national flags,national flags,national flagsFilms in various sign languages, explaining the organization, its structure, and its goals.

Global Deaf Connection is increasing social, economic and educational opportunities for Deaf people in developing nations. Based on the premise that education leads to opportunity, Global Deaf Connection (GDC) was created to improve equal access to education and employment by closing the gap between the number of Deaf children enrolled in school and the number of Deaf adults in the professional world.

stained glass ballJapanese Deaf News. (2004, September). Reconfirming the significance of an international conference on disability - International seminar on the convention held in Kyoto.

United Nations.

Deaf and social services

International Hearing Dog, Inc.'s mission is to train and place hearing dogs with persons who are deaf or hard-of-hearing, with and without multiple disabilities, at no charge to the recipient.


Deaf cultures of the world

Deaf. Scroll down or search the page for "Modern Translation: Deaf" to see how to say deaf in many langauges in the world.

Deaf Connect - World Deaf directory.

Deaf Friends Intermational.French flag,UK/American flag,Polish flag,Russian flag,Ukrainian flag,German flag,Dutch flag,Japanese flag,Portugeuse flag,Spanish flag,Romanian flag,Italian flag,Indonesian flag,German flag,Hungarian flag,Indian flag

Deaf Hello!

Deaflink - Die Taubenschlag - Linksammlung.

DeafMatchInternational. Ever wonder how to say "deaf" in other languages, such as Vietnamese? Here it is...

Stained glass ballDeaf Rave - Organised By Deaf People For Deaf People.

Dovenwerld. Boogolinks.

Erting, C. J., Johnson, R. C., Smith, D. L. & Snider, B. N. The Deaf Way documents the vast scholarly and artistic endeavors that took place in July 1989 when more than 6,000 deaf people from around the world met at Gallaudet University to celebrate Deaf culture. More than 150 articles by world-renowned experts examine every aspect of Deaf life in societies across the globe. Divided into ten distinct sections: Deaf Culture Around the World; Deaf History; The Study of Sign Language in Society; Diversity in the Deaf Community; Deaf Clubs and Sports; The Deaf Child in the Family; Education; Deaf/Hearing Interaction; Deaf People and the Arts; and Deaf People and Human Rights Issues. The Deaf Way evokes the spirit of the historic Deaf celebration and also the full body of substantive research exchanged at that time. As a provocative record of value for scholars and all other members of the international Deaf community, The Deaf Way has no equal.

Gallaudet University.

Goodstein, H. & Brown, L. Deaf Way II: An International Celebration. 250 full-color photographs with captions and brief essays capture a July, 2002 event in which more than 9,700 Deaf people from around the world met in Washington, D.C. to share art, research and languages in a cultural festival. This amazing vivid portrayal of people enjoying and exchanging highlights of life is truly breathtaking, from its glamorous images to many behind-the-scenes glimpses of the tireless individuals who worked so hard to make the gathering such a grand success. A treasure and wondrous giftbook that embraces a positive message of living life to the fullest. (192 pgs, 250 color photographs, softcover, 8-1/2" x 11")

Lucas, C. (ed.) (July 1996). Multicultural aspects of sociolinguistics in Deaf communities. Washington, D.C.: Gallaudet Univ Press. ISBN 1-56368-108-0.

Markku Jokinen. After completing primary and secondary education, I started studying special education, switching it later to pedagogy. I completed my studies and received my teacher's diploma. After this, I still felt I wanted to continue my studies, concentrating on Deaf Education, so I studied for an additional year to become a certified teacher of the Deaf. Parallel to my education and career, I have also worked in the field of the Deaf in several positions of trust. I have held the position of President of the Finnish Association of the Deaf for many years, as well as the Vice President of the EUD for many years. Most recently, I was elected President of the World Federation of the Deaf in 2003.

Miss Deaf World.

Monaghan, L, Nakamura, K., Schmaling, C. & Turner, G. H. (Eds.) (May 2003). Many ways to be Deaf: International variation in Deaf communities. Twenty-four international scholars have contributed their findings from studying Deaf communities in Japan, Thailand, Viet Nam, Taiwan, Russia, Sweden, Austria, Switzerland, Great Britain, Ireland, Nigeria, South Africa, Brazil, Nicaragua, and the United States. Sixteen chapters consider the various antecedents of each country1s native signed language, taking into account the historical background for their development and also the effects of foreign influences and changes in philosophies by the larger, dominant hearing societies. ISBN 1-56368-135-8

Olson, J. (1995).

Ramsey, C. The Deaf Way. A celebration of Deaf culture! This text and pictorial album documents the historic event and scholarly endeavors that took place in 1989 when more than 6,000 Deaf people met at Gallaudet University. 153 articles provide the resulting research and insight into all aspects of Deaf life from around the world. (944 pgs, hardcover, 7" x 10")

Shettle, A. (15 September - October 2002). Deaf Way II: Celebration of the Deaf way of life.

Stained glass bulletSomewhatSilent is an international community blogging effort centered around d/Deafness, hard of hearing, etc.

Wallace Library at NTID/RIT - General Deaf multicultural resources.

Deaf education

Brelje, H. W. (1999).

Center for Global Education - Gallaudet University.

Christensen, K. (Ed.). Deaf plus: A multicultural perspective. ISBN: 1-58121-017-5. A collection of timely essays that mix information and reforms to help successfully educate Deaf children from diverse backgrounds. Recommendations and ideas are offered for teacher preparation in a multicultural classroom, making this an indispensable resource for teachers. It is also an excellent secondary text for students of deaf education and Deaf Studies programs. Diverse backgrounds of the contributing authors reflect Deaf, Asian, African-American, Hispanic, and Native American Indian heritages. These authors suggest that diversity within the Deaf culture enhances and enriches the quality of that culture. Find out more about the greater Deaf culture from this fascinating book.

DeafTODAY. (2003, August 19). World Deaf Leadership Program to Provide Gallaudet Scholarships. The World Deaf Leadership Program, established in 1997 through a generous $3 million gift from the Nippon Foundation of Tokyo, Japan, has been restructured in support of scholarships for Gallaudet students from developing countries. The change was made with the approval of the foundation and the University.

DeafTODAY. (2003, August 19). Discovering Deaf worlds. Dave and Christy share a vision in the life work they do by: educating themselves and others on ways to improve the standards of accessibility for Deaf and Hard of Hearing communities, living as facilitators who bridge the gap of ignorance and common misconceptions between Deaf, Hard of Hearing and Hearing communities, building a stronger foundation of diverse skills and experiences by traveling around the world, and encouraging others to step out of their comfort zones, challenge themselves, and seek fulfillment through adventure

EENET. (1998, March 1-7).

Frontrunnersglobe: globe (international icon)Sign Language icon, Belgian flagSign Language icon,Brazilian flagSign Language icon,French flagSign Language icon,British flagSign Language icon,German flagSign Language icon,Greek flagSign Language icon,Indian flagSign Language icon,Italian flagSign Language icon,Norwegian flagSign Language icon,Slovenian flagSign Language icon,Tanzanian flagSign Language iconis a Deaf International Youth Leadership Training Programme with focus on International Project Management. The ambition is to take effort of that each individual has the ability to make the conditions better for the Deaf community. Participants for the Frontrunners come from all over the world, within the age from 18 to 30 years old. All have intentions of their own in this programme. We are as individuals able to improve the campaigns for deaf causes, in our own country and worldwide. The general aim of Frontrunners is to change the world.

I-DEAF Fund will help deaf people in developing nations attend Gallaudet.

The International Deaf Children's Society (IDCS). To achieve long-term sustainability in-country, the IDCS works with local partners to support their ability to develop services and most importantly, help develop their capacity to maintain the service in the long run. The role of IDCS is to facilitate developments and to try to ensure that they actually happen. This involves seeking advice from people active in the field and those who will be implementing the work.

Marschark, M. & Spencer. P. E. Oxford handbook of Deaf studies, language, and education. ISBN: 0-19-514997-1. This cross-disciplinary handbook contains 34 chapters written by acknowledged authorities in the field. The editors have brought together historical information, state-of-the-art reviews of current research, and strategies for teaching and service provision in a reference work notable for its breadth and depth. Selected contributors: Harry G. Lang, Marilyn Sass-Lehrer and Barbara Bodner-Johnson, Connie Mayer and C. Tane Akamatsu, Bencie Woll and Paddy Ladd, Irene Leigh and Robert Q. Pollard, Jr., Brenda Schick, Jenny L. Singleton and Samuel J. Supalla, David F. Armstrong and Sherman Wilcox, Karen Emmorey, Judith E. Harkins and Matthew Bakke, and Susan J. Maller.

Milan 1880. The alarming and key chapter of Deaf history, the infamous Milan 1880 Congress that had created a turbulent and divided legacy in the education, the history and the lives of Deaf people to this day. Includes day-to-day proceedings, the eight resolutions, quotes from the delegates, and images.

Miles, S. Overcoming Resource Barriers. We chose the title 'Overcoming Resource Barriers' because access to resources is a major issue all over the world in every aspect of life, including education. In the most apparently well-resourced classrooms in Europe teachers complain that 'there aren't enough resources' and claim that they would be capable of so much more 'if only there were more resources'. Lack of resources is arguably the most well-used excuse for not developing more inclusive practices in education. Yet in countries where material resources are extremely limited, where children may not be able to go to school at all because their families cannot afford the school fees, there are some outstanding examples of what can be achieved with very little. These examples have a great deal to teach the North, where arguments about access to material resources can often be a major barrier to developing a more enabling form of education.

Moulton, R, Andrews, J. F., & Smith, M. "The Deaf world." In Brown, R. I., Baine, D. & Neufeldt, A. H. (Eds.). (1996). Beyond basic care: Special education and community rehabilitation in low income countries. Captus Press, ISBN 0-921801-95-5.

Other scholarship information [for Deaf students seeking education in other countries].

PEN-International headquarter (Rochester, NY, USA).national flags,national flags,national flags,national flags

Stubbs, S.

World Federation of the Deaf - Youth section.

Deaf events International [events]. World events.

Deaf health

The International Hearing Society is the professional association of hearing instrument specialists throughout the world who are dedicated to improving quality of life for the hearing impaired. IHS advocates and supports the highest standard of professional competency, business integrity and excellence in hearing healthcare provision.

Deaf history and current events

Deaf History International.

Milan 1880. The alarming and key chapter of Deaf history, the infamous Milan 1880 Congress that had created a turbulent and divided legacy in the education, the history and the lives of Deaf people to this day. Includes day-to-day proceedings, the eight resolutions, quotes from the delegates, and images.

Deaf performing arts

Carmel, S. Society of World Deaf Magicians: A brief history.

www.deaf-art.comGerman flag,British flagThe international free web directory for deaf artists. Willkommen bei / Der international und kostenlos Webverzeichnis für gehörlose Künstler.

Deaf sports & recreation

Deaf International Basketball Federation is a world governing body for international deaf basketball in cooperation with the Deaflympics and its confederations. DIBF shall be an independent association composed of the National Organisations governing deaf basketball.

Deaflympics. Sports news around the world.

IDRO. International Deaf Rugby Organisation.

International Committee of Silent Chess.

International Committee of Sports for the Deaf.

International Committee of Silent Chess.

International Deaf Leather.

International Martial Arts Federation of the Deaf.

International Deaf Rugby Organisation.

World Recreation Association of the Deaf.

General interpreting issues

Stained glass bulletBancroft, M. (March 2005). The interpreter's world tour: An environmental scan of standards of practice for interpreters.

Trottier, A. Trouver la voix? Chercher l'oreille!

Yamada language guides are the definitive guide to language resources on the World Wide Web. [Webmaster: You can use these to help translate some of the foreign web pages of interest to you.]

Interpreter organizations

AIIC: Association Internationale des Interprètes de ConférenceUSA flag,French flag, based in Geneva, Switzerland, is the only international association of professional conference interpreters, with some 2500 members in over 80 countries worldwide. This Website provides information on the Association, the profession of conference interpreting, and the European Union (EU), as well as tips and training information for working and aspiring conference interpreters.

Conference Internationale Permanente D'Instituts Universitaires de Traducteurs et Interpretes (International Permanent Conference of University Institutes of Translators and Interpreters).French flag,Germany flag,UK?UK/American flag,Spanish flag,Russian Federation flag,Dutch flag

Fédération Internationale des Traducteurs (International Federation of Translators).

Oral and deafened people

stained glass ball bulletInternational Federation of Hard of Hearing People provides a platform for co-operation and exchange of information between hard of hearing organisations, promotes greater understanding amongst hard of hearing people throughout the world, encourages, supports and takes part in the investigation and research into hearing problems, and fosters solutions to those problems, stimulates the search for solutions to communication, education, employment and other problems facing hard of hearing people in daily life, co-operates with international organisations and national governments on matters of concern to hard of hearing people and their organisations, promotes a positive attitude in hard of hearing people towards themselves and towards their role in society, and promotes understanding and a positive attitude by society towards hard of hearing people.

The International Federation of Hard of Hearing Young People is an international non-governmental federation for national and regional youth organizations that are dedicated to hard of hearing young people throughout the world and is independent of sex, race, religion, nationality and politics. IFHOHYP is comprised of organizations from mostly European countries. Our greatest priority is improving the quality of life of hearing impaired youth worldwide and promoting equal rights for hard of hearing young people at all levels of society. IFHOHYP specializes in meeting the changing needs of hard of hearing young people. We raise disability awareness on national and international level through activities run by and for hard of hearing young people aged from 18 to 35.


CODA International.USA flag,French flag,German flag,Japanese flag,Spanish flag,Swedish flagCODA - Children of Deaf adults is a non-profit organization for the adult hearing sons and daughters of deaf parents. The organization began in 1983 and has grown to include people from many different countries and very different family and extended family situations. The CODA experience is strikingly similar across the world. Regardless if you come from a family with one deaf parent, both deaf parents, additional deaf family members, families who signed, families who didn't, etc., you are welcome here.

Contact information for organizations related to Deafness.

Deaf Academics. We are a new, growing organization of approximately 200 Deaf and hard-of-hearing academics and researchers, in a range of disciplines and from all over the world. Through this web site, our listserv, and biennial conferences, we aim to foster interaction between Deaf and hard-of-hearing academics/researchers.

stained glass ballOrganizations for Deafblind people throughout the world.


World Federation of the Deaf.


Sign Language & Linguistics.

Sign Language Studies.

Religion & Deafness

Deaf for Jesus Ministries.

Deaf Ministries International works in 12 countries in Asia and Africa, helping to establish resources and facilities to bring the message of Christ and aid to deaf people.

DOOR International (Deaf Opportunity OutReach) is a non-denominational Christian mission organization of many Deaf people (and a few hearing people) with a big vision and a big God!

Sign Language dictionaries of the world

Carmel, S. (1982). Published by the author.

Lazorisak, C. & Lazorisak, A. International cities and historical signs. Signs of Development, Inc. "Ever been in the situation when the name of a city, world leader or historical piece of information came up in your work repeatedly and you wished you knew that sign name? This comprehensive professional development activity will provide you with signs for cities around the world as well as an in-depth discussion about how they got these name signs." To order.

Rubino, F., Hayhurst, A., and Guejlman, J. (1975). Carlisle: British Deaf Association.

Sign Language Linguistics Society has as its main aim the promotion of sign language research on an international scale and the maintenance of high scientific and ethical standards of such research. It will act as a resource to researchers and provide support to researchers in countries where such research is just beginning. The society will encourage exchange of information through meetings and publications.

The Sign Language Typology Research Group aims at documenting sign languages around the world, particularly focusing on undocumented or severely under-documented sign languages in non-industrialized countries and in village communities with a high proportion of deafness due to genetic causes. Video recordings from each sign language become part of a large organized Browsable Corpus hosted by the Max-Planck-Institute for Psycholinguistics. In addition to developing the sign language corpus, individual project members conduct research on particular domains of the grammar of each sign language, focusing on topics that are of special interest from a typological point of view.

Sign language videos of the world.

Signs around the world: Alphabets around the world. Individual country videotapes feature native Deaf male and female signers from that country. Each tape is separated into three sections which include personal introduction, vocabulary, and narrative.

Signs around the world: Colors around the world. Individual country videotapes feature native Deaf male and female signers from that country. Each tape is separated into three sections which include personal introduction, vocabulary, and narrative.

Signs around the world: Countries. Individual country videotapes feature native Deaf male and female signers from that country. Each tape is separated into three sections which include personal introduction, vocabulary, and narrative.

SignStream™ is a database tool for analysis of linguistic data captured on video. Although SignStream is being designed specifically for working with data from American Sign Language, the tool may be applied to any kind of language data captured on video. In particular, SignStream would be suited to the study of other signed languages as well as to studies that include the gestural component of spoken languages.

Selected Signs around the world. Individual country videotapes feature native Deaf male and female signers from that country. Each tape is separated into three sections which include personal introduction, vocabulary, and narrative.

Sign Languages of the world

Abbreviations for the Sign Language in the world.

Bar-Tzur, D.

Everson, M. (21 September 2001) Implementing the ISO 639-2 code for Sign Languages.

Gallaudet University library. Deaf-related resources - International sign language: A pathfinder.

International bibliography of Sign Language.

SignFuse. Service Concept: SignFuse is a service concept for those interested in sign languages. It wants to create a platform for better Sign Language Media, and to get the major cultures known with Sign Languages in a positive way. The service concept of SignFuse has been created by Sven Noben. Sven Noben is currently studying in MediaLab at the University of Arts and Design in Helsinki, where he researches new media to optimize them for Sign Languages. His research results are available, both in raw format as implemented in new media projects, through the SignFuse concept.